The genitourinary tract traditionally includes the kidneys, the bladder, the tubes that collect and drain urine from the kidneys and drain it into the bladder (the ureters), the tube that drains urine from the bladder to the outside (the urethra), and specifically in men, penis, the testicle and the prostate. The prostate is an accessory sex gland necessary for reproduction.
The cancers of the penis and in the adrenal glands are also classified as genitourinary cancers. The adrenal glands are small hormone-producing glands, which are located on the top of each kidney. In women, cancers that develop in the ovaries, the uterus, the cervix, or the vagina are in a separate category of cancers called gynaecological cancers.
Prostate cancer - A type of cancer that occurs when cells grow abnormally in the prostate gland and form tumors.
Bladder cancer - A type of cancer that occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing in the bladder.
Kidney (renal) cancer - A type of cancer that begins in the kidneys, located on the left and right of the backbone.
Penile cancer - A rare type of cancer that affects the penis, including the tip of the penis (glans) and foreskin (skin covering the glans).
Testicular cancer - A highly treatable cancer that typically develops in one or both testicles.
Adrenal cancer - A very rare type of cancer that affects the adrenal glands (located above each kidney in the back of the upper abdomen).