Role Of Speech Therapist In Cancer Management
The speech therapist plays an important role in the management of speech and language therapy (SLT). The SLT is helpful to assess and treat speech, language, voice and communication problems in people of all ages to enable them to communicate to the best of their ability.
SLTs assist children and adults who have the following types of problems:
- unclear speech such as saying e.g. tow for cow , tup for cup
- delay in speech and language development due to hearing loss ,lower mental intelligence .
- speaking not adequate to age without a known cause
- difficulty with oral motor movements
- Stuttering: Also commonly known as stammering is a speech disorder in which sounds or words are repeated or prolonged, disrupting the normal flow of speech.
- Voice problems: We rely on our voices to inform, persuade, and connect with other people. Your voice is as unique as your fingerprint. Many people use their voices all day long, day in and day out. Singers, teachers, lawyers, sales people, and public speakers are among those who make great demands on their voices. Unfortunately, these individuals are most prone to experiencing voice problems. Some of these disorders can be avoided by taking care of your voice whereas certain voice problems are organic in nature and caused due to paralysis, cancer can be treated effectively when accompanied with medical intervention.
- Autism: The brain disorder autism begins in early childhood and persists throughout adulthood affecting three crucial areas of development: verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and creative or imaginative play.
- Stroke/ Head injury: Therapy after stroke aims to improve a person’s ability to communicate by helping him or her to use remaining language abilities, restore language abilities as much as possible, compensate for language problems, and learn other methods of communication.
- learning disability
- physical disability such as cerebral palsy
- neurological disorders
- cancer of the mouth and throat
- cleft palate
Depending on the nature and severity of the disorder, common treatments may range from physical strengthening exercises, instructive or repetitive practice and drilling, to the use of audio-visual aids and introduction of strategies to facilitate functional communication.