Patients needing BMT require a detailed assessment of their physical condition. The outcome of BMT depends on the adequate function of heart, lungs, liver, kidneys and the brain. If any organ is affected, adequate measures need to be taken to improve its function and also tailor the transplant to reduce complications and mortality. Donor also undergoes similar detailed workup.
The patient undergoes the most challenging phase of his life during the stay in the BMT unit. The air, water and environment in the BMT unit is the purest under the sun. Once the patient is discharged from the BMT unit, it takes time for both the body and the mind to adjust back to the normal environment. The body’s immune system takes a long time to become normal. First three months after BMT is very crucial. This is the time when many viral and fungal infections can cripple the patient and even result in death. In addition, the donor cells might attack the patient’s body in the form of Graft Versus Host Diseases (GVHD). This needs immediate detection and aggressive treatment to avoid serious complications.
Very close monitoring by experts and regular blood tests can prevent these unfortunate complications. The post BMT clinic has been developed to meet these challenges.