Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital

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Early Detection and Prevention

The earlier cancer is detected the better are the chances of cure and complete recovery. It is important to realize that many cancers today are curable.

Monthly self examination by each and every one of us will go a long way in detecting cancer at the early stage. One can stand in front of large mirror and look for the following :

  • Mouth : Change in colour of gums, lips and cheeks, White, Brown or red patches, ulcer, sore or scab, thickening in any part of the oral cavity.
  • Neck : Look for any lump, swelling or any other abnormality.

If you find anything abnormal, record it on a notebook and report it to your doctor. In case everything is normal, RELAX!


  • Avoid Tobacco and Tobacco Products like Gutkha, Paan, Khaini, Surti, Beedi, Cigarette
  • Avoid Alcohol
  • Maintain Good oral and dental hygiene

All smokers and tobacco chewers need several counselling sessions to leave the habit and ensure they do not start taking tobacco, after quitting it.


Risk factors for the development of oral cancer include:

  • Cigarette, cigar, or pipe smoking — Smokers are six times more likely than non-smokers to develop oral cancers.
  • Use of smokeless tobacco products (for example, dip, snuff, or chewing tobacco) — Use of these products increase the risk of cancers of the cheek, gums, and lining of the lips.
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol — Oral cancers are about six times more common in drinkers than in non-drinkers.
  • Family history of cancer
  • Excessive exposure to the sun — especially at a young age

Eighty-five percent of oral cancers are linked to tobacco use. People who use both tobacco and alcohol are at greater risk for developing these cancers than people who use either tobacco or alcohol alone. The other risk factors are Poor Oral Hygiene and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection.

There are certain stages before development of cancer which present as White patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth which do not get rubbed off or Red patches (Erythroplakia).

More than 5 million children in India are addicted to gutkha, a smokeless tobacco product that is a key driver behind the country′s soaring oral cancer rates. People who are at risk for oral cancers should get annual check ups and learn to reduce their risk. They should also discuss how often to have checkups.

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