Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital

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No sure way exists to prevent nasopharyngeal carcinoma. However, if you′re concerned about your risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, you may consider avoiding habits that have been associated with the disease. For instance, you may:

  • Cut back on the amount of salt-cured foods you eat or avoid these foods altogether
  • Stop smoking
  • Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all

The earlier cancer is detected the better are the chances of cure and complete recovery. It is important to realize that many cancers today are curable.

If you find anything abnormal, record it on a notebook and report it to your doctor. In case everything is normal, RELAX!

Know the Causes and Risk Factors of Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Causes : Cancer begins when one or more genetic mutations cause normal cells to grow out of control, invade surrounding structures and eventually spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. In nasopharyngeal carcinomas, this process begins in the squamous cells that line the surface of the nasopharynx.

Exactly what causes the gene mutations that lead to nasopharyngeal carcinoma isn′t known, though factors, such as the Epstein-Barr virus, that increase the risk of this cancer have been identified. However, it isn′t clear why some people with all the risk factors never develop cancer, while others who have no apparent risk factors do.

Risk Factors : some factors that appear to increase your risk of developing nasopharyngeal carcinoma, including:

Sex. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is more common in men than it is in women.

Age. Nasopharyngeal cancer can occur at any age, but it′s most commonly diagnosed in adults between the ages of 30 and 50.

Salt-cured foods. Chemicals released in steam when cooking salt-cured foods, such as fish and preserved vegetables, may enter the nasal cavity, increasing the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Being exposed to these chemicals at an early age may increase the risk even more.

Epstein-Barr virus. This common virus usually produces mild signs and symptoms, such as those of a cold. Sometimes it can cause infectious mononucleosis. Epstein-Barr virus is also linked to several rare cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Family history. Having a family member with nasopharyngeal carcinoma increases your risk of the disease, though researchers aren′t sure if this association is due to genetic or environmental factors.

Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol. Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol is linked to nasopharyngeal carcinoma among people in the United States and Europe who have a low risk of this cancer.

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