For early stage laryngeal cancers (stages I-II), patients respond equally well to surgery or radiation treatment. For intermediate stage cancers (stages II-III), a combination of radiation and chemotherapy or radiation and surgery provide the best opportunity to preserve the larynx. Depending on the location and size of the tumor, some patients may undergo radiation or surgery alone.
Surgery may involve partial or total removal of the larynx (laryngectomy), portions of the subglottis or supraglottis or removal of just the vocal cords (cordectomy). In some patients, the thyroid gland may also be removed. Partial laryngectomy allows surgeons to preserve speech. In Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, we perform these procedures and we have expertise in :
Transoral Laser Microsurgery (TLM) uses a flexible, hollow-core fiber to transmit CO2 laser energy, enabling surgeons to reach otherwise inaccessible areas and to perform a 360-degree resection around tumors in ways that were previously not possible.
While advanced techniques are helping preserve normal function, patients who have had their entire larynx or vocal cords removed will lose the ability to speak or breathe normally. There are several options to restore speech:
All these rehabilitative practices are being successfully done at our centre.