There is no sure way to prevent esophageal cancer, but doctors recommend certain behaviors and warn against others to lower risk. Most of them are also ways to preserve your overall health:
- Quit smoking. The habit is a known risk factor for esophageal cancer and other malignancies.
- Stop drinking alcohol, or try to cut back.
- Consult a doctor if you experience persistent heartburn that may be a sign of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
- Commit to a regular exercise program and avoid becoming overweight.