The exact cause of primary bone cancer is unknown. But there are certain things called risk factors that can increase your chance of getting the disease.
- Age: Most primary bone cancers occur in teenagers.
- Previous cancer treatment: Your risk may be slightly higher if you have received high doses of radiotherapy to a bone area.
- Paget´s disease: If you have this long-term bone disease, your risk might increase.
- Genetic conditions: Most primary bone cancers are not inherited or passed on in families. But certain genetic conditions can increase your risk.
- Benign bone tumour: If you have a benign or non-cancerous bone tumour, you may have a higher risk of developing a primary bone cancer. For example, osteochondroma or a chondroma.